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ISSN: 1075-4644

GLOBAL SURVEY  Vol. 52 No. 529  April 2022





10th Revised Edition


3R                   Return Reclamation Rehabilitation 3R Group             CAR

A2R                 Alliance for Revival and Rebuilding                                        CAR

AA                   Arakan Army                                                                           Burma

AAA                 Apostolic Anti-Communist Alliance                                                                     Spain

AAA                 Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance                                        Argentina

AAA                 ‘Asbat al-Ansar                                                                        Lebanon

AAA                 Independence-Liberation-Resistance                                     Greece           

AAB                 ‘Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB)                                           Lebanon

AAB                 ‘Abdallah Azzam Brigades (AAB)                                           Syria

AAB                 al-Ashtar Brigades                                                                  Bahrain

AAD                 Defenders of Faith                                                                  Mali

AAD                 Ansar al-Dine                                                                          Mali

AAD-S             Defenders of Faith South                                                        Mali

AAD-S             Ansar al-Dine Sud                                                                   Mali

AAS-T             Ansar al-Shari’a                                                                      Yemen

AAS-T             Soldiers of the Shari’a                                                             Yemen

AAH                 League of Righteous People                                                   Iraq

AAH                 Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq                                                                    Iraq

AAH                 League of Righteous People                                                   Syria

AAH                 Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq                                                                    Syria

AAI                  Ansar al-Islam                                                                         Iraq     

AAIA                Aden-Abyan Islamic Army                                                       Yemen

AAMB              al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade                                                         Israel

AAMB              al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade                                                         Palestine

AAP                 Peruvian Anti-Communist Alliance                                          Peru

AAS                 Partisans of Islamic Law                                                         Yemen

AAS                 Ansar al-Shar’ia                                                                      Yemen

AASB              Abdullah Azzam Shaheed Brigade                                         Pakistan

AAS-B             Ansar al-Shari’a in Benghazi                                                   Libya

AAS-D             Ansar al-Shari’a in Darnah/Derna                                           Libya

AAS-T             Ansar al-Shari’a in Tunesia                                                     Tunesia

ABSDF            All Burma Student Democratic Front                                      Burma

ABB                 Alex Boncayao Brigade                                                           Philippines

ABT                 Ansarullah Bangla Team                                                         Bangladesh

ACA                 Armed Peasant Association                                                    Paraguay

AÇTOSH         Army for the Liberation of the Albanian Occupied

  Territories                                                                              Kosovo

AD                   Accion Directe                                                                         France

ADC                Democratic Alliance of 23 May for Change                             Mali

ADF                 Allied Democratic Forces                                                        Congo (DR)

ADF                 Allied Democratic Forces                                                        Uganda

ADF-NALU      Allied Democratic Forces-National Army for the

  Liberation of Uganda                                                 Congo (DR)

ADF-NALU      Allied Democratic Forces-National Army for the

  Liberation of Uganda                                                             Uganda

AFDL               Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation

  of Congo-Zaire                                                                      Congo (DR)

AFDL               Alliance des Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération

  du Congo-Zaire                                                                     Congo (DR)

AGC                Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia                                  Colombia

AGC                Gaitanist Self-Defense Forces                                                Colombia

AGUDM          Arbengoch Ginbot 7 Unity and Democratic Movement           Ethiopia

AI                     Ansar al-Islam                                                                         Iraq

AIAA                Al-Ittihad al-Islami                                                                   Somalia

AIIB                 Anti-Imperialist International Brigade                                      Japan

AIS                  Armée Islamique du Salut                                                       Algeria

AJ                    Islamic Jihad                                                                           Egypt

AJ                    al-Jihad [al-Islami]                                                                   Egypt

AKSH              Armata Kombëtare Shqiptare                                                 Macedonia

ALAF               Arab Libyan Armed Forces (ALAF)                                         Libya

ALF                 Arab Liberation Front                                                              Palestine

ALIR                Army for the Liberation of Rwanda                                         Rwanda

ALIR                Armée pour la Libération du Rwanda                                     Rwanda

ALN                 Action for National Liberation                                                  Brazil

ALP                 Arakan Liberation Party                                                          Burma

AMB                al-Mulathamun Battalion, see GSIM/JNIM                              Mali

AMB                al-Mulathameen Brigade                                                        Afric

AMLA              Achik Matgrik Liberation Army                                                India

AMNO             Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order                             Egypt

AN                   Autonome Nationalisten                                                          Germany

ANA                 Albanian National Army                                                          Kosovo

ANC                African National Congress                                                      South Africa

ANF                 Jabhat al-Nusra Front                                                             Kyrgyzstan

ANF                 Jabhat al-Nusra Front                                                             Syria

ANLA               Adivasi National Liberation Army                                            India

ANM                Azorean Nationalist Movement                                               Portugal-Azores

ANM                Arab Nationalist Movement                                                     Palestine

ANO                Abu Nidal Organization                                                           Palestine

ANR                National Alliance of Resistance                                              Chad

ANSIPRJ         National Alliance for the Protection of Peul Identity and

 Restoration of Justice                                                            Mali

ANSIPRJ         Alliance nationale pour la sauvegarde de l’idendité Peule

                        et la restauration de la justice                                                 Mali

ANVC              Achik National Volunteers Council                                          India

ANYOLP         Organization of Arab Nationalist Youth for the

  Liberation of Palestine                                                          Palestine

AOLP              Action Organization for the Liberation of Palestine                 Palestine

AOI                  Army of Islam                                                                          Israel

AOI                  Army of Islam                                                                          Palestine

APCLS            Alliance of Patriots for a Free and Sovereign Congo              Congo (DR)

APLC               Cameroonian People’s Liberation Army                                 Cameroon

APOZA            People’s Army of the Oppressed in Zaire                               Congo (DR)

APRD              People’s Army for the Restoration of the Republic

  and Democracy                                                                     CAR

APRD              Armée Populaire pour la Restoration de la République

  et la Démocratie                                                                    CAR

APRM              Allied Popular Resistance Movement, see PRM                    Egypt

AQ                   al-Qa’ida                                                                                  International

AQAP              al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula                                          International

AQAP              al-Qa’ida fi Jazirat al-‘Arab                                                      International

AQAP              al-Qa’ida fi Jazirat al-‘Arab                                                      Saudi Arabia

AQAP              al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula                                          Saudi Arabia

AQAP              al-Qa’ida fi Jazirat al-‘Arab                                                      Yemen

AQAP              al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula                                          Saudi Arabia

AQAP              Province of Yemen                                                                  Yemen

AQAP              Wilayat al-Yemen                                                                    Yemen

AQI                  al-Qa’ida in Iraq                                                                       Iraq

AQI                  al-Qa’ida in Iraq                                                                       Lebanon

AQIM               al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb                                            International

AQIM               al-Qa’ida fi bilad al-Maghrib al-islami                                      International

AQIM               al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb                                            Algeria

AQIM               al-Qa’ida fi bilad al-Maghrib al-islami                                      Algeria

AQIM               al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb                                            Libya

AQIM               al-Qa’ida fi bilad al-Maghrib al-islami                                      Libya

AQIM               al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb                                            Mali

AQIM               al-Qa’ida fi bilad al-Maghrib al-islami                                      Mali

AQIM               al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb                                            Tunesia

AQIM               al-Qa’ida fi bilad al-Maghrib al-islami                                      Tunesia

AQIS               al-Qa’ida in Indian Subcontinent                                             India

AQKB              al-Qa’ida Kurdish Battalions                                                    International

AQKB              al-Qa’ida Kurdish Battalions                                                    Iraq

AQY                al-Qa’ida in Yemen                                                                 Yemen

ARB                 Arab Revolutionary Brigades                                                  Palestine

ARFWS           Alliance of Revolutionary Forces in West Sudan                    Sudan

ARGK              People’s Liberation  Army of Kurdistan                                   Turkey

ARGK              Arteşa Rizgariya Gelê Kurdistan                                             Turkey            

ARIF                Arakan-Rohinga Islamic Front                                    Burma

ARI PGT/FAR Revolutionary Armed Forces                                                  Guatemala

ARK                 Army of the Republic of Kosovo                                              Kosovo

ARLN              Popular Front for the Liberation of Northern Niger                  Niger

ARLN              Armée Révolutionnaire pour la Libération du Niger Nord       Niger

ARPCT            Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism Somalia

ARS-A             Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia                                Somalia

ARSA              Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army                                           Burma

ARSC              Ajdabiya Revolutionaries Shura Council                                 Libya

AS                   Al-Shaba’ab, see HSM                                                            Somalia

AS                   Party of Youth, see HSM                                                        Somalia

AS                   Harakat al-Shaba’ab al-Mujahedeen, see HSM                      Somalia

ASALA            Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia Armenia

ASG                Abu Sayyaf Group                                                                   Philippines

ASS                 Alliance for the Salvation of the Sahel                              Mali

ASWJ              Ahlu Sunnah wa’l Jama’at                                                       Mozambique

ASWJ              Followers of Ahlu Sunnah wa’l Jama’at                                  Pakistan

ASWJ              Ahlu Sunnah wa’l Jama’at                                                       Pakistan

ASWJ              Followers of Ahlu Sunnah wa’l Jama’at                                  Mozambique

ASWJ              Ahlu Sunnah wa’l Jama’at                                                       Mozambique

ASWJ              Followers of Ahlu Sunnah wa’l Jama’at                                  Somalia

ASWJ              Ahlu Sunnah wa’l Jama’at                                                       Somalia

ATE                 Anti-ETA Terrorism                                                                                                             Spain

ATNMC           Niger Mali Tuareg Alliance for Change                                   Mali

ATNMC           Alliance Touareg Niger-Mali pour le Changement                  Mali

ATNMC           Northern Mali Tuareg Alliance for Change                              Mali

ATNMC           Alliance Touareg Nord Mali pour le Changement                   Mali

ATTF               All-Tripura Tiger Force                                                            India

AUC                Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia                                         Colombia

AUM                Aum Shinrikyo Aum                                                                Japan

AVC                 Alfaro Vive, Carajo!                                                                 Ecuador


BACRIM          Emergent Criminal Gangs                                                       Colombia

BDB                 Benghazi Defense Brigades                                                   Libya

BH                   Boko Haram                                                                            Cameroon

BH                   Boko Haram                                                                            Chad

BH                   Jama’atu ahlus sunnah lid da’awati wal jihad             Chad

BH                   Boko Haram                                                                            Nigeria

BH                   Jama’atu ahlus sunnah lid da’awati wal jihad             Nigeria

BIFF                Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters                                  Philippines

BIFM               Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement                              Philippines

BJO                 Black June Organization                                                         Palestine

BK                   Babbar Khalsa                                                            India

BKI                  Babbar Khalsa International                                                    India

BLA                 Baluchistan Liberation Army                                                   Pakistan      

BLF                 Baloch Liberation Front                                                           Pakistan

BLT                 Bodo Liberation Tigers                                                            Bangladesh

BLT                 Bodo Liberation Tigers                                                            Bhutan

BLT                 Bodo Liberation Tigers                                                            India

BLUF               Baloch Liberation United Front                                               Pakistan

BMDO             Baloch Musalla Difa Organisation                                           Pakistan

BMG                Baader-Meinhof Gruppe                                                         Germany

BNPP              Barisan Nasional Pembebasan Patani                                   Thailand

BPR                 Popular Revolutionary Bloc                                                     El Salvador

BR                   Brigate Rosse                                                                         Italy

BRA                 Balochistan Republican Army                                                 Pakistan

BRA                 Bougainville Revolutionary Army                                            Papua New Guinea

BRAS              Baloch Raji Ajoi Sangar                                                          Pakistan         

BRN                Barisan Revolusi Nasional                                                      Thailand                     

BRN-C             National Revolutionary Front-Coordinate                                Thailand

BR/PCC          Brigate Rossi/Partito Comunista Combattente                       Italy

BRSC              Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council                                Libya

BSO                Black September Organization                                               Palestine

BTF                 Bhutan Tiger Force                                                                 Bhutan

BTFK               Bhindranwala Tiger Force of Khalistan                                   India

BY                   Believing Youth                                                                       Yemen


CALAI              Comite Argentino de Lucha Anti-Imperialista                          Argentina

CAM                Mapuche/Coordinadora Arauco Malleco                                 Chile

CAN                Chin National Army                                                                 Burma

CAO                Arab Communist Organization                                                Palestine


  Palmares       Armed Revolutionary Vanguard-Palmares                             Brazil

CCC                Cellules Communistes Combattantes                         Belgium

CCMSR           Military Command Council for the Salvation of the Republic CAR

CCMSR           Conseil de Commandement Militaire pour le Salut de la

                         République                                                                             CAR

CERF              Frente Clara Elizabeth Ramirez                                              El Salvador

CFF                 Cambodian Freedom Fighters                                                Cambodia

CIRA               Continuity Irish Republican Army                                            UK-NI

CJA                 Congress for Justice in Azawad                                              Mali

CJA                 Congrès pour la justice dans l‘Azawad                                   Mali

CJNG              Cartel Jalisco Nueva Generación                                           Mexico

CJNG              Jalisco Cartel New Generation                                               Mexico

CLF                 Congolese Liberation Front                                                     Congo (DR)

CMA                Coordination of Azawad Movements                                      Mali

CMA                Coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad                           Mali

CMFPR           Coordination des mouvements et fronts patriotiques

  de résistance                                                                         Mali

CM-SAF          Coordination of Movements and Patriotic Fronts Resistance Mali

CNDP              National Congress for the Defense of the People                   Congo (DR)    

CNDP              Congrès National pour la Défense du Peuple             Congo (DR)

CNF                 Chin National Front                                                                 Burma

CNM                Cuban Nationalist Movement                                                  Cuba

CNPZ              Nestor Paz Zamora Commission                                            Bolivia

CNT                 Chadian National Concord                                                      Chad

CNT                 Concorde Nationale du Tchad                                                Chad

CODECO        Cooperative for Development of Congo                                  Congo (DR)

COREMO        Mozambique Revolutionary Council                                       Mozambique

CORU             Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations Cuba

CPA                 Coalition for the People of Azawad                                         Mali

CPA                 Coalition pour le peuple de l’Azawad                                      Mali    

CPA                 Coordination for the People of Azawad                                  Mali

CPB-M-L-M     Communist Party of Bhutan (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist)            Bhutan

CPC                Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC)                                   CAR

CPC                Coalition des patriotes pour le changement                 CAR

CPI-M              Communist Party of India-Maoist                                            India

CPI-M              Communist Party of India-Marxist                                           India

CPI-ML            Communist Party of India-Marxist-Leninist                             India

CPN-M            Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist                                          Nepal

CPJP               Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace                         CAR

CPJP               Convention des Patriots pour la Justice et la Paix                  CAR

CPP                 Communist Party of the Philippines                                        Philippines

CPSK              Patriotic Convention for Saving the Country                           CAR

CRA                Coordination of Armed Resistance                                         Niger

CRA                Coordination de la Résistance Armée                        Niger

CRI                  Ichkeria Chechen Republic                                                     Russia-Chechnya

CRI                  Chechen Republic Ichkeria                                                     Russia-Chechnya


Da’esh             Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, see ISIL

Da’esh             Dawlat al-Islāmiyya fī al-Irāq wa s-Shām, see ISIL                

DEV GENC     Federation of Turkish Revolutionary Youth                             Turkey

DFLP               Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine                     Israel

DFLP               Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine                     Palestine

DHD                Dima Halong Daogah                                                              India

DHD-J             Dima Halong Daogah Jewel Garlossa faction            India

DHKP/C          Devrimci Halk Kurtuluş Partisi-Cephisi                                   Turkey

DHKP/C          Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party-Front                       Turkey

DITG               Dawlah Islamiyah Torayfie Group                                           Philippines

DJEM              Democratic Justice and Equality Movement                           Sudan

DK                   Revolutionary Headquarters                                                   Turkey

DK                   Devrimci Karargâh                                                                  Turkey

DKP                 Revolutionary Communard Party                                            Turkey 

DKP                 Devrimci Komünist Partisi                                                       Turkey

DKSO              Dunya Seriat Kurtuluş Ordusu                                                Turkey

DKBA              Democratic Karen Buddhist Army                                           Burma

DLF                 Jabhat al-Tahrir al-Dhufar                                                       Oman

DLF                 Dhofar Liberation Front                                                           Oman

DFLP               Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine                     Palestine

DJEM              Democratic Justice and Equality Movement                           Sudan

DKBA              Kaloh Htoo Baw Armed Group                                                Burma

DMSC             Derna Revolutionaries Shura Council                         Libya

DPF                 Derna Protection Forces                                                         Libya

DPT                 Democratic Party of Tajikistan                                                Tajikistan

DPK                 Democratic Party of Kurdistan                                                Iraq

DRFF              Democratic Revolutionary Forces Front                                 Sudan


E3                    France, Germany and the United Kingdom                            International

EA                   Revolutionary Struggle                                                            Greece

EA                   Epanastatikos Aghonas                                                          Greece

EAN                 Greek Anti-Dictatorial Youth                                                   Greece

EEAG              Ethnic Albanian Armed Group                                    Macedonia

EGP                Guerrilla Army of the Poor                                                      Guatemala

EGTK              Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army                                                    Peru

EKC-SIM         Universal Brotherhood Front-Shari’a Revenge Squad            Turkey

ELA                 Revolutionary Cells and Revolutionary

  People’s Struggle                                                                  Greece

ELA                 Epanastatikos Laikos Agonas                                     Greece

ELF                 Eritrean Liberation Front                                                         Eritrea

EIK-TM            Turkish Fighters of the Universal Islamic War of Liberation    Turkey

ELN                 Ejército de Liberación Nacional                                              Bolivia

ELN                 Ejército de Liberación Nacional                                              Colombia        

EOKA-B          National Organization of Cypriot Fighters Enosis Movement Cyprus

EPB                 Ejercito Popular de Borico                                                      USA-Puerto Rico

EPL                 Ejército Popular de Liberación                                                Colombia

EPLF               Eritrean People’s Liberation Front                                          Eritrea

EPP                 Ejercito del Pueblo Paraguayo                                                Paraguay

EPR                 Eagles of the Palestine Revolution                                         Palestine

ERCA              Red Army for the Liberation of Catalonia                                Spain

ERNK              National Liberation Front of Kurdistan                        Turkey

ERNK              Eniya Rizgariya Netewa Kurdistan                                          Turkey

ERP                 Ejército Revolucionario Popular                                              Argentina

ERP                 Ejército Revolucionario Popular                                              El Salvador

ERP                 Ejército Revolucionario Popular                                              Mexico

ESN                 Eastern Security Network                                                       Nigeria

ETA                 Basque Fatherland and Liberty                                               Spain

ETA                 Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna                                                          Spain

ETA-M             Basque Fatherland and Freedom Military Front                     Spain

ETA-PM          Basque Fatherland and Freedom Political-Military Front        Spain

ETIM               East Turkestan Islamic Movement                                          China-Xinjiang

EZLN               Ejército  Zapatista de Liberación Nacional                              Mexico


FAC                 Armed Forces of Cabinda                                                       Angola

FACT               Fighters of the Front for Change and Concord in Chad Chad

FACT            Front pour l’alternance et la concorde au Tchad          Chad

FAI                  Fatah al-Islam                                                                         Lebanon

FAI                  Informal Anarchist Federation                                     Germany

FAI                  Federazione Anarchia Informale                                             Germany

FAI                  Informal Anarchist Federation                                     Italy

FAI                  Federazione Anarchia Informale                                             Italy

FAL                 Armed Forces of Liberation                                                     El Salvador

FALANTIL       East Timor National Liberation Forces                                    Timor

FALANTIL       East Timor National Liberation Forces                                    Timor

FAP                 Armed Popular Front                                                               Uruguay

FAPU              United Popular Action Front                                                    El Salvador

FAR                 Former Armed Forces                                                             Rwanda

FAR                 Revolutionary Armed Forces                                                  Argentina

FARB              Brazilian Revolutionary Action Front                                       Brazil

FARC              Front Armé Révolutionnaire Corse                                         France

FARC-EP        Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army      Colombia

FARC-EP        Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército

del Pueblo                                                                     Colombia

FARS              Revolutionary Armed Forces of the Sahara                            Niger

FARS              Forces Armées Révolutionnaires de la Sahara                      Niger

FARL               Faction Armée Revolutionnaire Libanaise                              Lebanon

FARN              Armed Forces of National Resistance                        El Salvador

FAS                 Frente Americo Silva                                                               Venezuela

Fatah               Palestinian National Liberation Movement                              Palestine

Fatah               Harakat al-Tahrir at-Watani al-Filastini                                   Palestine        

FDLR               Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda                    Congo (DR)

FDLR               Forces Démocratiques de la Libération du Rwanda               Congo (DR)

FDLR               Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda                    Rwanda

FDLR               Forces Démocratiques de la Libération du Rwanda               Rwanda

FDPC              Democratic Front for the Central African People                    CAR

FDPC              Front Démocratique du Peuple Centrafricain                          CAR

FDR                 Democratic Renewal Front                                                     Niger

FDR                 Front Démocratique pour la Renouvellement             Niger

FEAR              Forever Enduring Always Ready                                            USA

FECAT            Forum for Exiled Chadians in Central Africa, see FPIR          Chad

FFR                 Front of Fighters for Rectification                                            Niger

FFR                 Front des Forces de Redressement                                       Niger

FIF                   Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation                                                    Pakistan

FIN                  National Integration Front                                                       Cuba

FIR                  International Revolutionary Front                                            Italy

FIS                  Front Islamique du Salut                                                         Algeria

FLA                 Azorean Liberation Front                                                        Portugal-Azores

FLAA               Front for the Liberation of Aïr and Azouad                              Niger

FLAA               Front de Libération de l’Aïr et l’Azouad                                   Niger

FLB-ARB         Front Libération de la Bretagne-Armée Republicain Breton   France

FLC                Front de la Libération Congolaise                                           Congo (DR)

FLCS               Front for the Liberation of the Somali Coast                           Somalia

FLCS               Front for the Liberation of the Somali Coast                           Djibouti

FLEC               Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda Enclave                     Angola

FLEC               Frente de Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda             Angola

FLN                 Liberation Forces of Northern Mali                                          Mali

FNL                 Forces des liberation du Nord du Mali                                    Mali

FLNC               Cuban National Liberation Front                                             Cuba

FLNC               Front de Libération Nationale de la Corse                              France

FLNC               Front de Libération Nationale de la Corse du 5 mai 1996      France

FLNKS            Front de Libération Nationale Kanak Socialiste                      France-New Cal.

FLOSY            Front for the Liberation of Occupied Yemen                           Yemen

FLQ                 Front de Libération du Québec                                               Canada

FLT                  Front for the Liberation of Tamoust                                         Niger

FLT                  Front pour la Libération de Tamoust                                       Niger

FLWS              Front for the Liberation of Western Somalia                           Somalia

FMLN              Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional El Salvador

FMNLF            Faribundo Marti National Liberation Front                              El Salvador

FNI                  Nationalist Integrationist Front                                                Congo (DR)

FNI                  Front de Nationalistes et Intégrationnistes                              Congo (DR)

FNL                 National Liberation Forces                                                      Burundi

FNL                 Forces Nationales de la Libération                                         Burundi

FNT                 Chadian National Front                                                           Chad

FNT                 Front National du Tchad                                                         Chad

FOCA              Abacunguzi Combat Force                                                     Congo (DR)

FOCA              Force Combattante Abacunguzi                                             Congo (DR)

FOCA              Abacunguzi Combat Force                                                     Rwanda

FOCA              Force Combattante Abacunguzi                                             Rwanda

FOREBU         Republican Forces of Burundi                                     Burundi

FOREBU         Les Forces Republicaines du Burundi                                    Burundi

FP-25              Forces Populares 25 de Abril                                                  Portugal

FPC                 Fronte patriotu corsu                                                               France

FPI                  Islamic Defenders Front                                                          Indonesia

FPIC             Patriotic and Integrationist Front of Congo                  Congo (DR)

FPIR                Progressive Force for Independence and Rebirth                  Chad

FPIR                Forces Progressistes pour l’Independence et

  la Renaissance                                                                     Chad

FPJC               Popular Front for Justice in Congo                                         Congo (DR)

FPL                 Farabundo Marti Popular Liberation Forces                           El Salvador

FPLC               Front for the Liberation of Congo                                            Congo (DR)

FPLN               Frente Popular de Liberación Nacional                                   Colombia

FPM                Morazanist Patriotic Front                                                       Honduras

FPMR              Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez                                       Chile

FPN                 Niger Patriotic Front                                                                Niger

FPN                 Front Patriotique Nigérien                                                       Niger

FPR                 Popular Front for Recovery                                                     CAR

FPR                 Front populaire pour le redressement                         CAR

FPR                 Popular Front for Recovery                                                     Chad

FPR                 Front populaire pour le redressement                         Chad

FPRC              Popular Front for the Central African Renaissance                CAR

FPRC              Front Populaire pour la Renaissance de Centrafrique            CHAD

FPR-LZ           Fuerzas Populares Revolucionarias-Lorenzo Zelaya             Honduras

FRAP              People's Revolutionary Armed Forces                                    Mexico

FRAP              Popular Revolutionary Armed Front                                        Spain

FRAPH            Front Revolutionnaire pour  l’Avancement et le

  Progrès d’Haïti                                                                      Haiti

FRC                 Fatah Revolutionary Council                                                   Palestine

FRD                 Restoration of Democracy Front                                             Burundi

FRD                 Front de Restauration de la Démocratie                                 Burundi

FRD-A             Forces for the Restoration of Democracy-Abanyagihugu       Burundi

FRELIMO        Mozambique Liberation Front                                                 Mozambique

FRELIMO        Frente de Libertação de Moçambique                                    Mozambique

FRETILIN        Frente Revolucionário Do Timor Leste Independente            Timor

FROLINAT      Chad National Liberation Front                                               Chad

FROLINAT      Front de Libération National Tchadien                                    Chad

FRPI                Front for Patriotic Resistance of Ituri                                       Congo (DR)

FRPI                Forces de Résistance Patriotique d’Ituri                                 Congo (DR)

FRPL               Lautaro Popular Rebel Forces                                                Chile

FRUD              Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy                  Djibouti

FRUD              Front pour la Restauration de l’Unité et la Démocratie           Djibouti

FSA                 Free Syrian Army                                                                    Syria

FSLN               Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional                              Nicaragua

FUC                 United Front for Change                                                         Chad

FUC                 Front uni pour Change                                                            Chad

FUDP              United Front for Democracy and Peace                      Chad

FULK               Front Uni de Libération Kanak                                                France-New Cal.

FZLN               Frente Zapatista de Liberación Nacional                                Mexico


GALGAS         Guatemala Anti-Salvadoran Liberating Action Guerrillas        Guatemala

GAM                Gerakan Aceh Merdeka                                                          Indonesia

GAR                Autonomous Revolutionary Groups                                        Portugal

GARI               International Revolutionary Action Group                               Spain

GATIA             Imghad and Allied Tuareg Self-Defense Movement               Mali

GATIA             Groupe  d‘autodéfense des toureg Imghad et allies               Mali

GBR                Bandera Roja                                                                          Venezuela

GCR                Warriors of Christ and King                                                                                        Spain

GI                    Génération Identitaire                                                             France

GIA                  Armed Islamic Group                                                    Algeria

GIA                  Groupement Islamique Armée                                                Algeria

GICM               Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group                                      Morocco

GICM               Groupe Islamique Combattant Marocain                                Morocco

GJM                Gorkha Janamukti Morcha                                                      India

GLF                 Guadalcanal Liberation Front                                                  Solomon Islds

GLO                Gorkhaland Liberation Organisation                                       India

GNLF              Gorkha National Liberation Front                                            India

GRAPO           Grupo de Resistencia Anti-Fascista Primero de Octubre       Spain

GSIM               Group to Support Islam and Muslims, also JNIM                    Burkina Faso

GSIM               Group to Support Islam and Muslims, also JNIM                    Mali

GSPC              Salafist Group for Call [Preaching] and Combat                     Algeria

GSPC              Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat                 Algeria


HALC              Hynniewtrep Achik Liberation Council                        India

HAMAS           Islamic Resistance Movement                                                Argentina TBA

HAMAS           al-Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya                                      Argentina TBA

HAMAS           Islamic Resistance Movement                                                Israel

HAMAS           al-Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya                                      Israel

HAMAS           Islamic Resistance Movement                                                Palestine

HAMAS           al-Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya                                      Palestine

HAN                Harakat al-Nujaba                                                                   Iraq

HASM              Arms of Egypt Movement                                                        Egypt

HASM              Harakat Sawa’d Misr                                                               Egypt

HBDH              People’s United Revolutionary Movement                              Turkey

HBDH              Halkların Birleşik Devrim Hareketi                                          Turkey

HCA                High Council of Azawad                                                          Mali

HCA                Haut conseil de l’Azawad                                                        Mali

HCUA              High Council for the Unity of Azawad                                     Mali

HCUA              Haut conseil pour l’unité de l’Azawad                                     Mali

HDO                Halkin Devrimci Onculari                                                         Turkey

HHN                Harakat Hizbollh al-Nujaba                                                     Syria

HHN                Movement of the Party of God’s Nobles                                 Syria

HI                    Islamic Party                                                                           Afghanistan

HI                    Party of Islam                                                                          Afghanistan

HI                    Hizb-e-Islami                                                                           Afghanistan

HIG                  Party of Islam Gulbuddin                                                         Afghanistan

HIG                  Hizb-e-Islami Gulbuddin                                                          Afghanistan

Hizbullah         Party of Allah                                                                           Argentina TBA

Hizbullah         Party of Allah                                                                           Israel

Hizbullah         Party of Allah                                                                           Lebanon

Hizbullah         Party of Allah                                                                           Palestine

HK                   People’s Liberation                                                                 Turkey

HM                  Hizb ul-Mujahideen                                                                 India (J+K)

HM                  Hizb ul-Mujahideen                                                                 Pakistan

HM                  Party of Holy Warriors                                                             India (J+K)

HM                  Party of Holy Warriors                                                             Pakistan

HNC                Hadramawt National Council (HNC)                                       Yemen

HNG                Hilfsorganisation für nationale politische Gefangene und

  deren Angehörige e.V.                                                          Germany

HNLC              Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council                                India

HNYTF            Hynniewtrep National Youth Front Tiger Force                       India

HPG                People’s Defense Forces                                                        Turkey

HPG                Hêzên Parastina Gêl                                                               Turkey

HQN                Haqqani Network                                                                    Afghanistan

HQN                Haqqani Network                                                                    Pakistan

HSDF              Hynniewtrep State Democratic Front                                      India

HSM                Party of Youth                                                                         Eritrea

HSM                Harakat al-Shaba’ab al-Mujahedeen                                      Eritrea

HSM                Party of Youth                                                                         Kenya

HSM                Harakat al-Shaba’ab al-Mujahedeen                                     Kenya

HSM                Party of Youth                                                                         Somalia

HSM                Harakat al-Shaba’ab al-Mujahedeen                                      Somalia

HT                   Islamic Party of Liberation                                                       Bangladesh

HT                   Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami                                                            Bangladesh

HT                   Islamic Party of Liberation                                                       Indonesia

HT                   Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami                                                            Indonesia

HT                   Hizb-ut-Tahrir                                                                          Kyrgyzstan

HT                   Hizb-ut-Tahrir                                                                          Tajikistan

HT                   Hizb-ut Towhid                                                                        Bangladesh

HTS                 Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham                                                             Syria

HuA                 Hizbul Ahrar                                                                            Afghanistan

HUA                Movement of Fighters                                                             Pakistan

HUA                Harkat-ul Ansar                                                                       Pakistan

HUJI                Islamic Jihad Movement                                                         Afghanistan

HUJI                Harkat ul-Jihad-i-Islami                                                           Afghanistan

HUJI                Islamic Jihad Movement                                                         India

HUJI                Harkat-ul Jihad al-Islami                                                         India

HUJI                Islamic Jihad Movement                                                         Pakistan

HUJI                Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami                                                         Pakistan

HUJI-B            Islamic Jihad Movement Bangladesh                                     Bangladesh

HUJI-B            Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami Bangladesh                         Bangladesh

HULA              Hajong United Liberation Army                                               India

HUM                Movement of Combatants                                                       India

HUM                Harkat-ul-Mujahidin                                                                 India

HUM                Movement of Combatants                                                       Pakistan

HUM                Harkat ul-Mujahidin                                                                 Pakistan

HXP                 [Syrian Kurdish] Self-Defense Forces                         Syria


IAA                  Islamic Army of Aden                                                              Yemen

İBDA-C            Great Eastern Islamic Raiders’ Front                                      Turkey

İBDA-C            İslami Büyükdoğu Akıncılar Cephesi                                      Turkey

ICC                  Islamic Courts Council                                                            Somalia

ICU                  Islamic Courts Union                                                               Somalia

ICU                  Ittihad al-mahakim al-islamiyya                                               Somalia

IDAM               Islam Devriminin Acil Mucahitleri                                            Turkey

IDP                  Islami Democratic Party                                                          Bangladesh

IFLO                Islamic Front for the Liberation of Oromiya                             Ethiopia

IG                    Islamic Group                                                                          Egypt

IG                    al-Jama’a al-Islamiyya                                                Egypt

IG                    al-Gama’at al-Islamiyya                                                          Egypt

IIPB                 Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade                           Russia-Chechnya

IJU                   Islamic Jihad Union                                                                 Uzbekistan

IK                     Imarat Kavkaz                                                                         Russia-Chechnya

IK                     Caucasus Emirate                                                                   Russia-Chechnya

IKO                  Turkish Islamic Liberation Army                                              Turkey

IKP-C              Islamic Liberation Party Front                                                 Turkey

ILA                   Islamic Liberation Army                                                           India

IM                    Indian Mujahideen                                                                   India

IM                    Indian Mujahideen                                                                   Pakistan

IMIK                 Islamic Movement of Iraqi Kurdistan                                       Iraq

IMN                 Islamic Movement of Nigeria                                                   Nigeria

IMU                 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan                                            Afghanistan

IMU                 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan                                            Pakistan

IMU                 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan                                            Turkmenistan

IMU                 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan                                            Uzbekistan

INA                  Iraqi National Accord                                                               Iraq

INC                  Iraqi National Congress                                                          Iraq

INLA                Irish National Liberation Army                                     UK-NI

IPOB               Indigenous People of Biafra                                                    Nigeria

IPS                  Iranian Peoples Strugglers                                                      Iran

IRA                  Irish Republican Army                                                             UK-NI

IRP                  Islamic Renaissance Party                                                      Tajikistan

IS                     Islamic State                                                                           Libya

IS                     Islamic State                                                                           Iraq

IS                     Islamic State                                                                           Syria

IS                     Islamic State                                                                           Yemen

IS SP               Islamic State Sinai Province                                                   Egypt

ISA                  Iranian Students Association                                                  Iran

IS-CAP            Islamic State Central African Province                                    Mozambique

ISF                  Islamic Security Force                                                 India

ISFY                International Sikh Youth Federation                                        India

ISGS               Islamic State in the Greater Sahara                                        Mali

ISI                    Islamic State of Iraq                                                                Iraq

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Indonesia

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Indonesia

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Iraq

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Iraq

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Lebanon

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Lebanon

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Libya

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Libya

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Saudi Arabia

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Saudi Arabia

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Somalia-Puntland

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Somalia-Puntland

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Syria

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Syria

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Tunesia

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Tunesia

ISIL/Da’esh     al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Yemen

ISIL/Da’esh     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Yemen

ISIL-K              Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        Afghanistan

ISIL-K              Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        India

ISIL-K              Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        Pakistan

ISIL-Libya        Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant                                        Libya

ISIL-Libya        al-Dawla al-Islamiya fil-Iraq wa al-Sham                                 Libya

ISIS                 Islamic State in Iraq and Syria – see ISIL/Da’esh

ISIS-GS           Islamic State in Iraq and Syria-Greater Sahara

ISIS-K              Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        Afghanistan

ISIS-K              Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        India

ISIS-K              Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        Pakistan

ISIS-WA          Islamic State in Iraq and Syria-West Africa

ISK                  Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        Afghanistan

ISK                  Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        India

ISK                  Islamic State of Iraq and the Sham-Khorasan                        Pakistan

ISKP                Islamic State in Khorasan Province                                        Afghanistan

ISKP                Islamic State in Khorasan Province                                        India

ISKP                Islamic State in Khorasan Province                                        Pakistan

IS-SP               Islamic State in Sinai Province                                                Egypt

ISWAP            Islamic State in West Africa Province                                     Burkina Faso

ISWAP            Islamic State in West Africa Province                                     Nigeria


JAA                 Soldiers of al-Aqsa                                                                  Syria

JAA                 Jund al-Aqsa                                                                           Syria

JAD                 Jamaah Ansharut Daulah, see JAT                                        Indonesia

JAK-T              Jund al-Khilafa in Tunisia                                                        Tunisia

JaN                  Jabhat al-Nusra                                                                       Syria

JAS                 Jama’at Ahl as-Sunnah lid Da’awat wa’l-Jihad, see BH         Nigeria

JAT                  Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid, see JAD                                        Indonesia

JCAG              Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide                     Turkey

JCT                 Jama’a Combattante Tunisienne                                            Tunisia

JDL                  Jewish Defense League                                                          USA

JEM                 Army of Mohammed                                                                Afghanistan

JEM                 Jaish-e-Mohammed                                                                Afghanistan

JEM                 Army of Mohammed                                                                Pakistan

JEM                 Jaish-e-Mohammed                                                                Pakistan

JEM                 Justice and Equality Movement                                              Sudan

JF                    Front for the Conquest of the Levant                                      Syria

JF                    Jabhat Fathah al-Sham                                                           Syria

JI                     Jama’at-e Islami                                                                      Bangladesh

JI                     Islamic Community                                                                  Indonesia

JI                     Jemaah Islamiya                                                                     Indonesia

JI                     Jemaah Islamiya                                                                     Philippines

JI                     Jihad-e-Islami                                                                          Afghanistan

JI                     Jama’at- Islami                                                                        Bangladesh

JI                     Islamic Assembly                                                                    Bangladesh

JI                     Jihad-e-Islami                                                                          Pakistan

JIG                  Jihad Islamic Group                                                                Uzbekistan

JKLF                Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front                         India

JKLF                Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front                         Pakistan         

JKNLF             Jammu and Kashmir National Liberation Front                       Pakistan

JMA                 Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar                                                Syria

JMB                 Jama’at-ul Mujahideen Bangladesh                                        Bangladesh

JMB                 Society of Fighters                                                                  Bangladesh

JMI                  National Islamic Front                                                             Afghanistan

JMI                  National Islamic Front                                                             Pakistan

JMJB               Awakened Muslim Masses of Bangladesh                            Bangladesh     

JMJB               Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh                                        Bangladesh

JN                    Jabhat al-Nuşrah                                                       Syria

JNIM                Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin, also GSIM                  Burkina Faso

JNIM                Group to Support Islam and Muslims                                      Burkina Faso

JNIM                Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin, also GSIM                  Mali

JNIM                Group to Support Islam and Muslims                                      Mali

JNR                 Jeunesses Nationalistes Révolutionnaires                             France

JRA                 Japanese Red Army                                                               Japan

JRTN               Jaish Riyal al-Tariq al-Nagshabandi                                       Egypt

JRTN               Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order                             Egypt

JSD                 Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal                                                           Bangladesh

JSD                 National Soicialist Party                                                          Bangladesh

JSMM              Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM) Party                           Pakistan

JSQM              Jeay Sindh Quami Mahaz (JSQM) Party                                Pakistan

JSQM-A          Jeay Sindh Quami Mahaz-Aresar Group                                Pakistan

JTJ                  Organization of Monotheism and Jihad                                  Iraq

JTJ                  Jam’mat al-Tawhid wal-Jihad                                                  Iraq

JTJ                  Organization of Monotheism and Jihad                                  Jordan

JTJ                  Jam’mat al-Tawhid wal-Jihad                                                  Jordan

JTJ                  Jama’at at-tawhid wal-jihad fi gharb  ‘afriqqiya                       Mali

JTMM              Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha                                               Nepal

JTW                 Jamā‘at at-Tawḥīd al-Waṭanīyah                                            Sri Lanka

JUA JuA          Jamiat ul-Ansar                                                                       Pakistan

JuA                  Jama’at ul-Ahrar                                                                                         Afghanistan

JuA                        Assembly of the Free                                                                                 Afghanistan

JuA                  Jama’at ul-Ahrar                                                                                         Pakistan

JuD                  Jama’at-ud-Da’wah                                                                 Pakistan

JUM                 Jama’at ul-Mujahidin                                                               Pakistan


KA                   Kayinni Army [Karenni Army]                                                  Burma

KADEK            Democratic Freedom Congress of Kurdistan                          Turkey

KADEK            Kongreya Azadiya Demokratika Kurdistan                             Turkey

KaK                 Kateebaa al-Kawthar                                                              Syria

KaM                 Kataib al-Muhajireen                                                               Syria

KCK                 Union of Kurdistan Societies                                                   Turkey

KCK                 Koma Civakên Kurdistan                                                        Turkey

KDP                 Kurdish Democratic Party                                                       Iraq     

KF                   Kurdistan Front                                                                       Iraq

KGK                Kurdistan People’s Congress                                                  Turkey

KGK                Kongreya Gelê Kurdistan                                                        Turkey

KH                   Kata’ib Hizballah                                                                     Iraq, Syria

KHKO              Kurt Halk Kurtuluş Ordusu                                                      Turkey

KIA                  Kachin Independence Army                                                    Burma

KIB                  Katibat al-Imam al-Bukhari                                                      Syria

KIB                  Katibat al-Imam al-Bukhari                                                      Uzbekistan

KIO                  Kachin Independence Organization                                        Burma

KKK                 Society of the Kurdistan Confederation                                  Turkey

KKK                 Koma Komalên Kurdistan                                                       Turkey

KKK                 Ku Klux Klan                                                                           USA

KLA                 Kosovo Liberation Army                                                          Kosovo

KLNLF             Karbi Longri National Liberation Front                                    India

KLO                 Kamptapuri Liberation Organisation                                       India

KLO                 Karabakh Liberation Organization                                          Armenia

KLO                 Karabakh Liberation Organization                                          Azerbaijan

KMM                Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia                                                Malaysia

KNA                 Kuki National Army (KNA)                                                       India

KNLA               Karen National Liberation Army                                              Burma

KNLA-PC        Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council                      Burma

KNLF               Kurdistan National Liberation Fighters                                    Turkey

KNO                Kuki National Organization                                                     India

KNPB              Komite Nasional Papua Barat                                     Indonesia

KNPB              National Committee for West Papua                                       Indonesia

KNPP              Kayinni [Karenni] National Progressive Party             Burma

KNU                Karen National Union                                                              Burma

KNU/KNLA-PC KNU/Karen National Liberation Army-Peace Council            Burma

KODAR           Organization of Free and Democratic Society for

  East Kurdistan                                                                       Iraq

KOIP               Kurdistan Oncu Isci Partisi                                                      Turkey

KONGRA-GEL Congress for Democracy and Freedom in Kurdistan   Turkey

KPP                 Kurdistan People’s Party                                                         Iraq

KPDP              Kurdistan People’s Party                                                         Iraq     

KR                   Khmer Rouge                                                                          Cambodia

KSP                 Kurdistan Socialist Party                                                         Iraq

KUK                 Kurdistan Ulusal Kurtuluşculari                                               Turkey

KZF                 Khalistan Zindabad Force                                                       India

KZF                 Khalistan Zindabad Force                                                       Pakistan

LAOS              Popular Resistance Sabotage Group                                     Greece

LARF               Lebanese Armed Revolutionary Faction                                 Lebanon

LB                    Lashkar-i-Balochistan                                                             Pakistan

LCMD              Lao Citizen’s Movement for Democracy                                 Laos

LDF                 Lahu Democratic Front                                                           Burma

LDU                 Lahu Democratic Union                                                          Burma

LEHI                Israel Freedom Fighters                                                          Israel

LeI                   Army of Islam                                                                          Pakistan

LeI                   Lashkar-e Islam                                                                      Pakistan

LeJ                  Army of the Jhangvi al-Alami                                                  Pakistan

LeJ                  Lashkar-e Jhangvi al-Alami                                                     Pakistan

LeJ                  Lashkar-e-Jhangvi                                                                  Pakistan

LeT                  Army of the Righteous                                                Afghanistan

LeT                  Lashkar-e-Taiba [Tayyiba]                                                      Afghanistan

LeT                  Army of the Righteous                                                India

LeT                  Lashkar-e-Taiba [Tayyiba]                                                      India

LeT                  Army of the Righteous                                                            Pakistan

LeT                  Lashkar-e-Taiba [Tayyiba]                                                      Pakistan

LIFG                Libyan Islamic Fighting Group                                                Libya

LIFG                Al-Jam’a al-Islamiyyah al-Muqatilah                                       Libya

LIMC               Libyan Islamic Movement for Change                                     Libya

LJ                    Army of the Jhangvi                                                                Pakistan

LJ                    Lashkar-e-Jhangvi                                                               Pakistan

LJA                  Army of the Jhangvi al-Alami                                                  Pakistan

LJA                  Lashkar-e- Jhangvi al-Alami                                                   Pakistan

LJM                 Liberation and Justice Movement                                           Sudan

LNA                 Libya National Army                                                                Libya

LNDF               Lahu National Democratic Front                                             Burma

LP-28           February 28 Popular Leagues                                    El Salvador

LRA                 Lords Resistance Army                                                           CAR

LRA                 Lords Resistance Army                                                           South Sudan

LRA                 Lords Resistance Army                                                           Sudan

LRA                 Lords Resistance Army                                                           Uganda

LROR              Libya Revolutionaries Operations Room                                Libya

LT                    Lashkar-e-Tayyiba                                                                  Pakistan

LTPM              Lunda Tchokwe Protection Movement                                    Angola

LTTE               Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam                                            Sri Lanka

LVF                 Loyalist Volunteer Force                                                         UK-NI


M-7                  Movement of the Seventh                                                       Cuba

M-10                Movimento de 10 Abril                                                            Panama

M-19                Movimiento 19 de Abril                                                           Colombia

M23                 March 23 Movement                                                               Congo (DR)

MAA                Arab Movement of Azawad                                                     Mali

MAA-B             Arab Movement of Azawad-Bamako                                      Mali

MAA-D            Arab Movement of Azawad Dissident                         Mali

MAA-D            Mouvement arabe de l’Azawad                                               Mali

MAC                Muslims Against Crusades                                                     UK

MAGO             Muslims Against Global Oppression                                       South Africa

MAIB               Movement for the Self-Determination of Bioko Island Equatorial Africa

MAIB               Movimiento para la Auto-determinación de la Isla de Bioko   Equatorial Africa

MAIL                Muslims Against Illegitimate Leaders                                      South Africa

MAK                Mekhtab al-Khadamat                                                             International

MAK                Movement for the Autonomy of Kabylia                                  Algeria

MANO             Argentine National Organization Movement                           Argentina

MANO             Armed Nationalist Movement Organization                            Peru

MAPU/L           United Popular Action Movement/Lautaro faction                   Chile

MAR                Revolutionary Action Movement                                                                           Italy

MASSOB         Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign

  State of Biafra                                                                       Nigeria

MCA                Mouvement Corse pour l’Autodétermination                           France

MCC                Maoist Communist Centre                                                      India

MCDDI            Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral

                          Development                                                                         Congo (B)

MDJT              Movement for Democracy and Justice in Tibesti                    Chad

MDJT              Mouvement pour la Démocratie et la Justice en Tibesti         Chad

MDP                Movimiento Popular Dominicana                                            Dominican Rep

MDP                Movement for National Defense                                             Mali

MDP                Mouvement pour la defense de la patrie                                 Mali

MEF                Malaita Eagle Force                                                                Solomon Islds

MEK                Mujahedin-e Khalq-e                                                               Iran

MEND             Movement for the Emancipation of Niger Delta                      Nigeria

MFDC              Casamance Movement of Democratic Forces                        Senegal

MFDC              Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques de la Casamance    Senegal

MFDC              Movement for Federalism and Constitutional Democracy      Senegal

MFS                Syriac Military Council                                                 Syria

MGM               Magyar Gárda Mozgalom                                                       Hungary

MGM               Hungarian Guard Movement                                                   Hungary

MIA                  Islamic Movement of Azawad                                                 Mali

MIA                  Mouvement islamique de l’Azawad                                         Mali

MIC                 Cabinda Independence Movement                                         Angola

MIL                  Iberian Liberation Movement                                                  Spain

MILF                Moro Islamic Liberation Front                                                 Philippines

MILIA               Independent Movement of Liberation and Allies                     Congo (DR)

MIP                  Millat-e-Islamia Pakistan                                                         Pakistan

MIR                 Movement of the Revolutionary Left                                       Peru

MIR                 Movimiento de la Izquierda Revolucinaria                              Chile

MIT                  East Indonesia Mujahideen                                                     Indonesia

MIT                  Mujahidin Indonesia Timur                                                      Indonesia

MJL                 Lautaro Youth Movement                                                        Chile

MJL                 Movement for Justice and Freedom                                       Mali

MJL                 Mouvement pour la justice et la liberté                                   Mali

MJN                 Muhammad Jamal Network                                                    Egypt

MKO                Mujahedin-e Khalq-e Organization                                         Iran

MKP                Maoist Communist Party                                                         Turkey

MKP                Maoist Komünist Partisi                                                          Turkey

MKT                Madhesi Mukti Tigers                                                              Nepal

MLA                 Muslim Liberation Army                                                          India

MLAPU            Marxist-Leninist Armed Propaganda Unit                               Turkey

MLC                Movement for the Liberation of the Congo                              Congo (DR)

MLC                Mouvement de Libération                                                       Congo (DR)

MLCJ               Movement of Central African Liberators for Justice                CAR

MLCJ               Mouvement des libérateurs centrafricains pour la justice       CAR

MLF                 Macina Liberation Front                                                          Mali

MLF                 Katiba Macina                                                                         Mali

MLKLP            Marxist-Lenist Communist Party                                             Turkey

MLKLP            Marksist-Leninist Komünist Partisi                                          Turkey

MLP                 People’s Liberation Movement                                                Brazil

MLSPB            Marksist-Leninist Silahli Propaganda Birligi                            Turkey

MML                Milli Muslim League                                                                India

MNA                National Movement of Azawad                                               Mali

MNA                Mouvement National de l’Azawad                                           Mali

MNDAA           Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army             Burma

MNJ                 Nigerien Movement for Justice                                               Niger

MNJ                 Nigériens pour la justice                                                          Niger

MNL                Movimiento Nacional de Liberación                                        Uruguay

MNLA              Mon National Liberation Army                                     Burma

MNLA              Mouvement National pour la Libération de l’Azawad             Mali

MNLA              National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad                   Mali

MNLC              National Movement for the Liberation of the Central African

                          Republic                                                                                CAR

MNLF              Moro National Liberation Front                                               Philippines

MNR                Mouvement nationaliste révolutionnaire                                 France

MOC*              Mécanisme opérationel de coordination                                 Mali

Molinaco          Movement for the National Liberation of Comoro                   Comoros

MoPoCo          Popular Colorado Movement                                                  Paraguay

MPA                Manipur People’s Army                                                           India

MPAIAC          Movement for Self-Determination and Independence

  for the Canary Islands                                                           Spain-Canaries

MPC                Central African Patriotic Movement                                        CAR

MPL                 Movimiento Popular de Liberacion                                          Honduras

MPLA              Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola             Angola

MPLA              Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola                      Angola

MPLF              Manipur People’s Liberation Front                                          India

MPMR             Movimiento Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez                               Chile

MPRF              Madhesi People’s Rights Forum                                             Nepal

MPSA              Popular Movement for the Salvation of Azawad                     Mali

MPSA              Mouvement populaire pour le salut de ‘Azawad                     Mali

MR-8               Revolutionary Movement of the 8th                                                                     Brazil

MR-13             Revolutionary Movement of November 13                              Guatemala

MRC                Mombasa Republican Council                                                Kenya

MRC                Congolese Revolutionary Movement                          Congo (DR)

MRC                Mouvement Révolutionnaire Congolais                                  Congo (DR)

MRPRC           People’s Resistance Movement for Reforming of the

  Central African Republic                                                       CAR

MRTA              Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Amaru                              Peru

MSA                Movement for the Salvation of Azawad                                  Mali

MSA                Mouvement pour le salut de l’Azawad                                    Mali

MSC                Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem           Palestine

MSC                Shura al-Mujahedin Fi Aknaf Bayt al-Maqdis                          Palestine

MUJAO           Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa             Mali

MUJAO           Mouvement Unicité et Jihad en Afrique de 'Ouest                  Mali

MUJAO           Jama’at at-tawhid wal-jihad fi gharb ‘afriqqiya                        Mali

MULTA            Muslim Liberation Tigers of Assam                                         India

MULFA            Muslim United Liberation Front of Assam                               India

MVK                Madhesi Virus Killers                                                              Nepal


N17                 Epanastaiki Organos 17 Noemvri                                           Greece

N17                 Revolutionary Organization 17 November                              Greece

NA                   National Alliance                                                                     Chad

NALU              National Army for the Liberation of Uganda                            Congo (DR)

NALU              National Army for the Liberation of Uganda                            Uganda

NAP                 Armed Proletarian Nuclei                                                        Italy

NAR                Nucleus of the Armed Revolution                                           Italy

NAS                 National Salvation Front                                                          South Sudan

NBPP              New Black Panther Party                                                        USA

NCA-S EAO    Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement-Signatories Ethnic

   Armed Organizations                                                           Burma

NCR                National Council of Resistance                                               Iran

NCRI               National Council of Resistance of Iran                                    Iran

NDA                Niger Delta Avengers                                                              Nigeria

NDA-K             National Democratic Army-Kachin                                          Burma

NDC                Nduma Defense of Congo                                                      Congo (DR)

NDC-R            Nduma Defense of Congo-Renovated                                    Congo (DR)

NDDA              National Democratic Alliance Army                                         Burma

NDFB              National Democratic Front of Bodoland                                  Bangladesh

NDFB              National Democratic Front of Bodoland                                  Bhutan

NDFB              National Democratic Front of Bodoland                                  India

NDFLOAG       National Democratic Front for the Liberation of Oman

  and the Arabian Gulf                                                             Oman

NDFP              National Democratic Front of the Philippines                          Philippines

NDPVF            Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force                         Nigeria

NFSL               National Front for the Salvation of Libya                                 Libya

NIPR               Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei                              Italy

NLA                 National Liberation Army                                                         Iran

NLA                 National Liberation Army                                                         Macedonia

NLF                 National Liberation Front of Bahrain                                       Bahrain

NLFB               National Liberation Front of Bengalis                          India

NLFT               National Liberation Front of Tripura                                        Bangladesh

NLFT               National Liberation Front of Tripura                                        India

NMSP              New Mon State Party                                                              Burma

NPA                 New People’s Army                                                                 Philippines

NPPP              New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense                             USA

NPWP             National Parliament of West Papua                                        Indonesia

NRFPB            Federal Republic of West Papua                                            Indonesia

NSCN              National Socialist Council of Nagaland                                   Bangladesh

NSCN              National Socialist Council of Nagaland                                   India

NSCN-I-M       National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak Muivah               India

NSCN-K          National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang                   India

NSU                Nationalsozialistischer Untergrund                                         Germany

NTA                 Anti-Imperialist Territorial Nuclei                                             Italy

NTJ                 National Thowheeth Jama'ath                                                 Sri Lanka


OAS                Organisation Armée Secrète                                                   France

OAAS              Organization of the Armed Arab Struggle                               Palestine

OLA                 Popular Fighters Group                                                           Greece

OLA                 Omadas Laikon Agoniston                                                      Greece

OLA                 Oromo Liberation Army                                                           Ethiopia

OLC                 Oromiya Liberation Council                                                     Ethiopia

OLF                 Oromo Liberation Front                                                           Ethiopia

ON                   New Order                                                                                                                                   Italy

ON                   Ordine Nuovo                                                                          Italy

ONLF              Ogaden National Liberation Front                                           Ethiopia

OPC                Oodua People’s Congress                                                      Nigeria

OPLF               Oromo People’s Liberation Front                                            Ethiopia

OPLO              Oromo People’s Liberation Organization                                Ethiopia

OPM                Free Papua Movement                                                           Papua New Guinea

OPR-33           Organization of the Popular Revolutionary-33                        Uruguay

ORA                Armed Revolutionary Organization                                         Portugal

ORA                Organization of the Armed Resistance                                   Niger

ORA                Organisation de la Résistance Armée                        Niger

ORPA              Revolutionary Organization of the People in Arms                 Guatemala

OPM                Organisasai Papua Merdeka                                                  Indonesia

OV                   Orange Volunteers                                                                  UK-NI


PAC                 Proletari Armati per il Comunismo                                          Italy

PAGAD           People Against Gangsterism and Drugs                                 South Africa


  -FNL              Parti Pour la Libération du Peuple Hutu-Forces

  Nationales de la Libération                                                   Burundi

PCC                Partito Comunista Combattente                                              Italy

PCC                Communist Combatant Party                                                  Italy

PCU                Partido Comunista del Uruguay                                              Uruguay

PCJSS            Parbattya Chattagram Janasanghati  Samity                         Bangladesh

PCUD              Central African Party for Unity and Development                   CAR

PDFLP            Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine       Palestine

PDK                 Coordination of Revolutionary Proletarians                            Turkey

PDM                People’s Democratic Movement                                             South Sudan

PDT-B             Progressive Democratic Tribune–Bahrain                              Bahrain

PF                   Patriotic Front                                                                          Zimbabwe

PFG                 Petroleum Facility Guard                                                        Libya

PFLO               Popular Front for Liberation of Oman                         Oman

PFLOAG         Popular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied

  Arabian Gulf                                                                          Oman

PFLP               Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine                          Israel

PFLP               Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine                          Palestine                    

PFLP-GC        Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-

  General Command                                                                Palestine

PFLP-SC         Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-

  Special Command                                                                 Palestine

PFLP-SOC      Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-

  Special Operations Command                                              Palestine

PIJ                   al-Jihad al-islami                                                                     Israel

PIJ                   Palestinian Islamic Jihad                                                         Israel

PIJ                   al-Jihad al-islami                                                                     Palestine

PIJ                   Palestinian Islamic Jihad                                                         Palestine

PIRA                Provisional Irish Republican Army                                          UK-NI

PJ                    Partido Justicialista                                                                 Argentina

PJAK               Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistanê                                           Iraq

PJAK               Party of Free Life of Kurdistan                                                Iran

PKK                 Kurdish Workers’ Party                                                           Iraq

PKK                 Partiya Karkerên Kurdistane                                                   Iraq           

PKK                 Kurdish Workers’ Party                                                           Turkey

PKK                 Partiya Karkerên Kurdistane                                                   Turkey       

PKM                Philippines Kabataang Makabayan                                         Philippines

PKP                 Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas                                               Philippines

PL                    Front Line1                                                                                                                                   Italy

PLA                 Palestine Liberation Army                                                       Palestine

PLA                 Pnar Liberation Army                                                              India

PLAN               People’s Liberation Army of Namibia                                      Namibia

PLF                 Palestine Liberation Front                                                       Palestine

PLF                 Popular Liberation Forces                                                       Ethiopia

PLF-M             People’s Liberation Front of Meghalaya                                 India

PLGA              People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army                                         India

PLO                 Palestine Liberation Organization                                           Palestine

PLSF               Palaung State Liberation Front                                               Burma

PLSO/A           Palaung State Liberation Organization                                                           Burma

PMF                Popular Mobilization Forces                                                    Iraq

PMF                al-Hashd al Sha’abi                                                                 Iraq

PMF                Popular Mobilization Forces                                                    Syria               

PMF                al-Hashd al Sha’abi                                                                 Syria               

PMOI               People’s Mujahedeen of Iran                                                  Iran

PNLO              PA-O National Liberation Organization                                   Burma

PNLM              Palestinian National Liberation Movement – see Fatah

PNRC              Parti du Rassemblement de la Nation Centrafricaine CAR

POLISARIO     Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra

  and Rio de Oro                                                                      SDAR

POLISARIO     Frente Popular para la Liberación de Saguia el Hamra y

  Rio de Oro                                                                             SDAR

PPG                People’s Guerilla Group                                                          India

PRM                Popular Resistance Movement                                               Egypt

PRM                Allied Popular Resistance Movement                                     Egypt

PRMI               People's Resistance Movement of Iran                                   Iran

PRP                 Popular Revolutionary Party                                                   Congo (DR)

PRP                 Parti de la Révolution Populaire                                              Congo (DR)

PRT                 Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores                           Colombia

PRTC              Central American Revolutionary Worker’s Party                     El Salvador

PSF                 Popular Struggle Front                                                            Palestine

PPSF               Palestine Popular Struggle Front                                            Palestine

PSF                 Popular Struggle Front                                                            Djibouti

PS                   Partido Socialista de Chile                                                      Chile

PUK                 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan                                                    Iraq

PUK                 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan                                                    Iraq

PULF               People’s United Liberation Front                                             India

PULO              Pattani United Liberation Organization                                   Thailand

PWG               People’s War Group                                                                India

PYD                 Democratic Union Party                                                          Syria


RAF                 Rote Armee Fraktion                                                               Germany

RCD                Congolese Rally for Democracy                                             Congo (DR)

RCD                Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie                      Congo (DR)

RCSS              Restoration Council of Shan State                                          Burma

RDFF              Revolutionary Democratic Front Forces                                 Sudan

RED-Tabara    Resistance for a State of Law in Burundi                    Burundi

RED-Tabara    Résistance pour un Etat de droit au Burundi                          Burundi

RENAMO        Mozambique National Resistance                                          Mozambique

RENAMO        Resistencia Nacional Mocambicana                                       Mozambique

RFC                 Rally of the Forces for Change                                               CAR

RFC                 Rassemblement des Forces pour Change                             CAR

RFC                 Rally of the Forces for Change                                               Chad

RFC                 Rassemblement des Forces pour Change                             Chad

RFF                 Frente Ricardo Franco                                                            Colombia

RFF                 Revolutionary Forces Front                                                     Sudan

RHD                Red Hand Defenders                                                              UK-NI

RI                    Chechen Republic Ichkeria                                                     Russia-Chechnya

RID                  Russian Imperial Movement (Russkoe imperskoe dvizhenie) Russia

RIUF                Retrieval of Indigenous United Front                                      India

RIRA               Real IRA                                                                                  UK-NI

RJ                    Justice Riot                                                                             CAR

RJO                 Revolutionary Justice Organization                                        Lebanon 

RJO                 Revolutionary Justice Organization                                        Palestine

RM                  Outraged Citizens                                                                   Congo (DR)

RM                  Raia Mutomboki                                                                      Congo (DR)

RMJ                 RENAMO Military Junta                                                          Mozambique

RN                   Revolutionary Nuclei                                                               Greece

RNDA              Reformed Niger Delta Avengers (RNDA)                               Nigeria

ROSM             Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims                    Palestine        

RPP                 Revolutionary Proletarian Army                                              Philippines

RPR                People’s Rwandan Rally                                                         Rwanda

RPR                Rassemblement Populaire Rwandais                         Rwanda

RPRC              Rassemblement Patriotique pour le Renouveau de

  la Centrafrique                                                                      CAR

RRA                Rahanweyne Resistance Army                                               Somalia

RS                   Revolutionary Struggle, se EA                                                Greece

RSM                Rajah Solaiman Movement                                                     Philippines

R-SPLM          Real Sudan People’s Liberation Movement                            South Sudan

RSRSBCM     Riyadus-Salikhin Reconnaissance and Sabotage

  Battalion of Chechen Martyrs                                                Russia-Chechnya

RUD                Rally for Unity and Democracy                                               Congo (DR)

RUD                Ralliement pour l’Unité et la Démocratie                                 Congo (DR)

RUD                Rally for Unity and Democracy                                               Rwanda

RUD                Ralliement pour l’Unité et la Démocratie                                 Rwanda

RUF                 Revolutionary United Front                                                     Sierra Leone

RZ                   Revolutionäre Zellen                                                               Germany


SAF                 Sudanese Alliance Forces                                                      Sudan

SAH                 Shahadat-e al-Hikma (SAH) Party                                          Bangladesh

SAIRI               Supreme Assembly of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq Iraq

SaM                 al-Mukhtar Brigade                                                                  Bahrain           

SaM                 Saraya al-Mukhtar                                                                   Bahrain

SANC              South African National Congress                                            South Africa

SAWIO            Organization of the Struggle Against World Imperialism        Palestine

SBF                 Security Belt Forces                                                                Yemen

SCIRI              Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq                Iraq

SCSR              Supreme Council of the Syrian Revolution                             Syria

SDF                 Syrian Democratic Forces                                                       Syria

SDLF               Sabaot Land Defence Force                                                   Kenya

SDU                Shan Democratic Union                                                          Burma

SE                   Sect of Revolutionaries                                                           Greece

SIMI                 Students Islamic Movement of India                                       India

SIPR                Special Purpose Islamic Regiment                                         Russia-Chechnya

SJM                 Samjukta Janabadi Morcha                                                    Nepal

SL                    Sendero Luminoso                                                                  Peru

SLA                 Sindhu Desh Liberation Army                                                 Pakistan

SLA                 South Lebanon Army                                                              Lebanon

SLA                 Sudan Liberation Army                                                           South Sudan

SLA/MM          Sudan Liberation Army-Minni Minawi                                     Sudan

SLF                 Sidama Liberation Front                                                          Ethiopia

SLM                 Sudan Liberation Movement                                                   Sudan

SLM-A             Sudan Liberation Movement-Abdul Wahid                             Sudan

SLM-A             Sudan Liberation Movement-Abdulshafi                                 Sudan

SLM-AM          Sudan Liberation Movement-Arko Minnawi                            Sudan

SLM-N             Sudan Liberation Movement-North                                         Sudan

SMM                Southern Mobility Movement                                                  Yemen

SNC                Syrian National Council                                                           Syria

SNDA              Sudanese National Democratic Alliance                                 Sudan

SNF                 Somali National Front                                                             Somalia

SNM                Somali National Movement                                                     Somalia

SOPO              Freedom for the Serbian Fatherland                                       Serbia

SPDF              Sudan People’s Democratic Front/Defence Force                  South Sudan

SPLA               Sudan People’s Liberation Army                                             South Sudan  

SPLA               Sudanese People’s Liberation Army                                       Sudan

SPLA-IO          Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition                      South Sudan

SPLA-N           Sudan People’s Army-North                                                   Sudan

SPLM/A           Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army                           South Sudan

SPLM/A-N       Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-North                 South Sudan

SPLM-N          Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North                          Sudan

SPLM-N          Harakat Al-Sha'abi Li-Tahrir Al-Sudan-Al-Shamal                  Sudan

SPLM-IO         Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In Opposition              South Sudan

SPM                Somali Patriotic Movement                                                     Somalia

SPTF               Conspiracy of Nuclei of Fire-Nihilists Sect                              Greece

SRA                 Sindhu Desh Revolutionary Army                                           Pakistan

SRCC              Syrian Revolutionary Command Council                                Syria

SRF                 Sudan Revolutionary Front                                                     Sudan

SRGC              Syrian Revolution General Commission                                 Syria

SSA                 Shan State Army                                                                     Burma

SSA                 South Sudan Army                                                                  South Sudan

SSDF              South Sudan Defense Force                                                   South Sudan

SSLA               South Sudan Liberation Army                                                 South Sudan

SSLM              South Sudan Liberation Movement                                         South Sudan

SSNA              Shan State National Army                                                       Burma

SSOA              South Sudan Opposition Alliance                                           South Sudan

SSOMA           South Sudan Opposition Movements Alliance                        South Sudan

SSP                 Army of the Companions of the Prophet                                 Pakistan

SSP                 Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan                                                       Pakistan

SSPP              Shan State Progress                                                Burma

SSUF/A           South Sudan United Front/Army                                             South Sudan

STC                 Southern Transitional Council                                     Yemen

SWAPO           South West Africa People’s Organization of Namibia             Namibia


TAJK               Movement for Freedom for Jammu and Kashmir                   India

TAJK               Tehreek-e Azadi-e Kashmir                                                    India

TAK                 Movement for Freedom for Azad  and Kashmir                      Pakistan

TAK                 Tehrik-i-Azadi-i-Kashmir                                                         Pakistan

TAK                 Kurdistan Freedom Falcons                                                    Turkey

TAK                 Teyrêbazên Azadiya Kurdistan                                               Turkey

TCG                Tunisian Combatant Group                                                     Tunisia

TDKP              Türkiye Devrimci Komünist Partisi                                          Turkey

THKPC            People’s Liberation Party-Front of Turkey                              Turkey

THKPC            Tűrkiye Halk Kurtuluş Parti Cephesi                                       Turkey

THKPC-K        Tűrk Halk Kurtuluş Parti Cephesi-Kurtuluş                             Turkey


  MLSPB          Marksist Leninist Silahh Propaganda Birliği                            Turkey


  MLSPB          People’s Liberation  Party-Front of TurkeyMarxist-Leninist

                          Armed Propaganda Union                                                    Turkey

TI                     Movement for the Renewal of Islam                           Pakistan

TI                     Tanzeem-e-Islami                                                     Pakistan

TIKB                Turkish Islamic Liberation Union                                             Turkey

TİKB                Revolutionary Communist Union of Turkey                            Turkey

TIK-C               Turkish Islamic Liberation Front                                              Turkey

TIKKO             Turkish Workers’ and Peasants’ Liberation Army                           Turkey

TIKKO             Tűrkiye Isci Koylu Kurtukluş Ordusu                                       Turkey

TIMO               Tűrkiye Islam Kurtuluş Mucahitleri Ordusu                             Turkey

TIP                  Turkistan Islamic Party                                                            China-Xinjiang

TKEP/L            Communist Labor Party of Turkey/Leninist                             Turkey

TKEP/L            Türkiye Komünist Emek Partisi/Leninist                                  Turkey

TKP/ML           Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist                          Turkey

TKP/ML           Türkiye Komünist Partisi/Marksist-Leninist                             Turkey

TMLA              Tamil Nadu Liberation Army                                                   India

TNLA               Ta’ang National Liberation Army                                             Burma

TNSM              Movement for the Enforcement of Islamic Law and Islam      Afghanistan

TNSM              Tanzeem-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi                           Afghanistan

TNSM              Movement for the Enforcement of Islamic Law and Islam      Pakistan

TNSM              Tanzeem-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi                           Pakistan

TNSM              Tehrik-e-Nifa-e-Shariat-e-Muhammadi                                   Afghanistan

TPLA               Turkish People’s Liberation Army                                           Turkey            

TPLF               Tigray Peoples Liberation Front                                              Ethiopia

TPLP/F            Turkish People’s Liberation Party/Front                                  Turkey

TPN                 West Papua National Liberation Army                                    Indonesia

TPN                 Tentara Pembebasan Nasional                                              Indonesia

TPN                 West Papua National Liberation Army                                    Papua New Guinea

TPN                 Tentara Pembebasan Nasional                                              Papua New Guinea

TQJBR            Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn                            Iraq

TRF                 The Resistance Group                                                            India-Kashmir

TSIK                Turkish Shari’a Revenge Commandos                                   Turkey

TTQA              Tehrik-e-Tahafuz Qibla Awal                                                  Pakistan

TTP                 Taliban Movement of Pakistan                                                Afghanistan

TTP                 Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan                                                       Afghanistan

TTP                 Taliban Movement of Pakistan                                                Pakistan

TTP                 Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan                                                       Pakistan

TULF               Tamil United Liberation Front                                                  Sri Lanka

TWPLA            Turkish Workers’ and Peasants’ Liberation Army                           Turkey

TV                   Troisième Voie                                                                        France


UANF              United Achik National Front                                                    India

UBA                 United Baloch Army                                                                Pakistan

UBLF               United Bengali Liberation Front                                       Bangladesh

UBLF               United Bengali Liberation Front                                       India

UÇK                Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosoves                                                  Kosovo

UÇK                Ushtria Çlirimtare Kombetare                                                  Macedonia


  OVPMB         Ushtria Çlirimtare e Preshevës, Medvegjës dhe Bujanocit     Kosovo


  OVPMB         Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac           Kosovo

UDA                Ulster Defense Association                                                     UK-NI

UDMF              United Madhesi Democratic Front                                          Nepal

UFDA              Union of Democratic Forces for Action                                   CAR

UFDD              Union of Forces for Democracy and Development                 Chad

UFDD              Union de Forces pour la Démocratie et le Développement    Chad

UFDD              Union of Forces for Democracy and Development                 Libya

UFDD              Union de Forces pour la Démocratie et le Développement    Libya

UFDR              Union of Democratic Forces for the Rally                               CAR

UFDR              Union des Forces Démocratiques pour le Rassemblement    CAR

UFDU              Union of Democratic Forces for Unity                                     car

UFDU              Union des Forces Démocratiques pour l’Unité                       CAR

UFF                 Ulster Freedom Fighters                                                                                               UK-NI

UFLD               United Front for Liberation and Democracy                            Sudan

UFLKA            Union of Forces for the Liberation of Katanga                        Congo (DR)

UFLKA            Union of Forces for the Liberation of Katanga                        Congo (DR)

UFR                 Republican Forces Union                                                        CAR

UFR                 Union of Resistance Forces                                                    Chad

UFR                 Union des Forces de la Résistance                                        Chad

UFRA              Union of Forces of the Armed Resistance                              Niger

UFRA              Tuareg Union of the Armed Resistance Forces                      Niger

UFRA              Union des Forces de la Résistance Armée                             Niger

UGB                White Warriors Union                                                              El Salvador

UGNF              United Gurkha National Front                                                 India

UIFSA             United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan             Afghanistan

UJTMM           United Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha                                   Nepal

UKLF               United Kuki Liberation Front                                                   India

ULA                 United League of Arakan                                                        Burma

ULFA               United Liberation Front of Assam                                           Bangladesh

ULFA               United Liberation Front of Assam                                           Bhutan

ULFA               United Liberation Front of Assam                                           India

ULMWP           United Liberation Movement for West Papua             Papua New Guinea

UNI                  National Independence Union                                     Djibouti

UNITA             União para a Independéncia Total de Angola             Angola

UNLF               United National Liberation Front                                             India

UNLF               United National Liberation Front Manipur                               Bangladesh

UNLF               United National Liberation Front Manipur                               India

UOLF              United Oromo Liberation Forces                                             Ethiopia

UOPFL            United Oromo People’s Liberation Front                                 Ethiopia

UPAP              Union of the Peoples of the Arabian Peninsula                      Saudi Arabia

UPC                Union for Peace in the Central African Republic                     CAR

UPC                Union of Congolese Patriots                                                   Congo (DR)

UPC                Union des Patriotes Congolais                                                Congo (DR)

UPC                Union of Corsican People                                                       France

UPDF              United People’s Democratic Front                                          Bangladesh

UPDS              United People’s Democratic Solidarity                                    India

URF                 United Resistance Front                                                         Sudan

URFB              United Revolutionary Front of Bhutan                         Bhutan

URFF              United Revolutionary Forces Front                                         Sudan

URNG             Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity                              Guatemala

USC                United Somali Congress                                                         Somalia

UTO                United Tajik Opposition                                                           Tajikistan

UVF                 Ulster Volunteer Force                                                            UK-NI

UWSA             United Wa State Army                                                Burma


VPR                 Vanguarda Popular Revolucionaria                                        Brazil


WPCNL           West Papua National Coalition for Liberation                         Indonesia

WSLF              Western Somali Liberation Front                                            Somalia

WSLF              Western Somali Liberation Front                                            Ethiopia

WTA                World Tamil Association                                                         Sri Lanka

WTM               World Tamil Movement                                                           Sri Lanka


YDG-H            Patriotic Revolutionary Youth Movement                               Turkey

YIM                  Yusufiya Islamic Movement                                                    Nigeria

YIJ                   Yemeni Islamic Jihad                                                              Yemen

YMB                Yarmouk Martyrs Brigade                                                       Syria

YPG                People’s Protection Units                                                        Syria

YPG                Yekîneyên Parastina Gel                                                        Syria

YPJ                 Women’s Protection Units                                                       Syria

YSB                 Yemeni Soldiers’ Brigades                                                      Yemen


ZANU              Zimbabwe African National Union                                           Zimbabwe

ZAPU              Zimbabwe African Peoples Union                                           Zimbabwe

ZJB                  Ziyadal-Jarrah Battalions                                                        Syria



Listing includes groups and organizations active before 2010 which are no longer included in current survey.


No claim is made to completeness or existence of listed organizations.  Some groups have used the listed name just a few times while operating for another organization.


* non-English abbreviation

# no longer in use




IO database, ABC Radio Australia, Aberfoyle International Security (AIS), African Union (AU), AFP Agence France Presse, Al Jazeera, allAfrica.com, Amnesty International (AI), ANSA Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata, AP Associated Press, BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation), Brisbane Times, Central Television (Pyongyang), CNN, Dawn, Deutsche Welle (dw), Die Presse, El País, Frankfurter Rundschau, Freedom House, New York NY/Washington DC, Human Rights Watch (HRW), Hürriyet Daily News, informed COMMENT, International Crisis Group (ICG), International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), International Maritime Bureau (IMB), IRIN News, Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), KAZINFORM, KCNA Korean Central News Agency (North Korea), Kyodo News, Le Monde, Libération, Middle East online, Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ), ORF Österreichischer Rundfunk, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Post-Courier, PTI Press Trust of India, Radio France Internationale (RFI), Radio Free Asia (RFA), Radio New Zealand International (RNZI), Reuters, RIA Novosti, SIPRI Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC), Southern Poverty Law Center, Montgomery, Alabama, Süddeutsche Zeitung (SZ), TASS, Terrorism Monitor, Washington DC, Terrorism Research and Analysis Consortium (TRAC), The Age, The Fund for Peace, The Indian Express, The Japan Times,  The Local, Stockholm, The New York Times, The Sydney Morning Herald, The Times of India, The Washington Post, United Nations (UN), US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), US Department of Defense, US Department of State, US National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), US Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR), Voice of America (VOA), World Health Organization (WHO), Xinhua News Agency, Yeni Şafak.



Completion: Includes information dated 10 April 2022 or earlier. Completed in April 2022.


(Replacing World: Militant and Revolutionary Organizations Abbreviations, Global Survey, Vol. 52, No. 526, April 2022.)




Published by The International Observer of Washington DC USA